Water Infrastructure: A Brief History

Think for a second: How did water infrastructure get so advanced?

Access to water has become almost second nature to us. We turn the faucet on and out comes clear, clean water. We don’t even think about it. Isn’t that amazing? A feat of human ingenuity, the way water is delivered to us today is by no means a simple feat. Take a look below for a brief timeline of the evolution of water infrastructure:

Sure, there were plenty of innovations and breakthroughs along the way, but think of the above as a major highlights reel. Let’s walk through them.

 


Ancient Rome

The Roman Empire made its mark on the Western world in a number of ways, most notably through groundbreaking advancements in engineering. The invention of the aqueduct, the world’s first formal plumbing and water transportation system, truly helped early Rome become as vast and forward-thinking as it became. Many European societies soon followed suit by adopting the aqueduct system.

 

The Enlightenment

As European civilization rapidly expanded and populations increased, new advancements in water were made, primarily in water sanitation. Private water companies were established to account for the vast intake of water, and developments in water filtration found sand filters to be useful (if rudimentary) in removing water of contaminants.

 

The 1900s

The use of filters in water sanitation was abandoned in the 19th century for chlorination. This process is the fundamental way we sanitize water today, and prevents the possible spread of diseases that filtration would oftentimes result in.

 

Today

Today, clean water is an absolute priority. New water sanitation techniques, like desalination and fluoridation offer innovative and forward-thinking means to ensuring our water is the best it can be. The Safe Drinking Water Act, passed in 1974, placed an emphasis on the quality of the water that is consumed. The act is still enforced today.

The future of water infrastructure is still unwritten. Between engineering and scientific breakthroughs throughout the course of history, we are always working toward making sure we all have access to safe, quality water. Water is one of our most precious and valuable natural resources, so we must all do our part to make sure that it remains in good hands.

 

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Could You Imagine A Day Without Water?

How many of your daily activities require you to use water? Stop and think about it for a second. Can you imagine lasting an entire day without any water to perform the most basic of tasks, like washing your hands?

 

We use water for a lot more than just drinking. We use it to do our laundry, make coffee, upkeep our yards, clean ourselves, clean just about everything else and much more. To increase awareness around responsible water usage — and how lucky we are to have access to safe, clean water — from October 6 through October 8, we want you to imagine a day without water.

 

These days are a time to think about water’s importance in our lives and to reflect upon what we can do to conserve our most essential resource.

 

Change starts at the smallest level, and you can imagine a day without water just by changing some of your daily habits and practices at home. Our WaterSmart Tips page is a great place to start with plenty of everyday tips on how to reduce your water usage and value how we use water in our lives: 

 

      Brush your teeth without running your sink

      Check your home’s pipes and faucets for leaks, which can account for wasting up to 140 gallons of water per week

      Sweep the driveway instead of using a hose

      Time your showers! Your household can even make a game out of challenging one another to take the shortest and most efficient shower

 

See? There are plenty of ways for you to get involved!

 

At Aqua, we act as stewards of the environment. We value water immensely, and we’re dedicated to raising awareness about its importance to every aspect of our lives. By joining forces with people around the country to imagine a day without water, we’re hoping to remind both our customers and ourselves of how fortunate we are to have reliable access to water. How will you imagine a day without water? Let us know on Facebook and Twitter!

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Stay Hydrated During Sport Season

 

 

Summer has come to an end and school is back in session. For all sport parents and players, this means practices have begun. With practice and games comes proper steps to staying safe. Helmets and pads? Check. Cleats? Check. Water? Water is an absolute must — and just as important as those shin guards.

 

At Aqua, we want everyone to know that hydration plays an important role for any type of fitness. Without proper hydration, you’re not able to perform at your peak, and if your kids play a sport, they can’t perform at their peak, either. So, we enlisted our friend Jesse Frank, Fitness Director and Vice President at UNITE Fitness, for some advice and we’re getting SOAKED in the idea of hydration. Check out these reasons why you should fill up your water bottle before heading to the soccer field, football field or gym:

 

1. 75 percent of your muscle is made of water, so drinking water before a workout will keep muscles from cramping. “Muscle cramping happens if there is a loss of electrolytes, so if you’re not properly hydrated before a workout, you run the risk of painful cramping. You should be highly hydrated before every workout,” says Frank.Ultimately, a hydrated body allows your performance to be better, faster and stronger. Especially when working out in mid-August through early September, when it can still be hot and humid in some parts of the U.S.

 

2. Did you know: although sports drinks are advertised as the best way to quench you or your child's thirst, water is still better to drink. Sports drinks contain about 10 teaspoons of sugar, causing blood sugar to drop and your body to crash. “Sports drinks have their place: when you’re competing at a high-level and in high heat,” Frank says. “Examples include marathons and half-marathons. Otherwise, water is the way to go.”

 

3. We talked about the importance of being hydrated before a workout (see #1), and now we’re going to talk about why it’s important to drink water during and after, too. In short, it helps your body in the recovery process. Water during a workout keeps your energy flow going. After is important because the water flushes out toxins so your muscles won’t go stiff and your organs can function properly.

 

4.  How much water is needed to be hydrated properly? Well, it depends on who you are. “You should take half of your body weight in ounces,” Frank recommends. “If you weigh 200 pounds, you should be drinking 100 ounces. And that’s generally without a lot of activity.” So what if you do a lot of activity?Frank says, “If you workout and you sweat a lot, replenishing your water weight is very, very important.” Remember: water before, during and after make for an energized, cramp-free athlete!

 

5.   Hungry, weak, fatigued: those do not sound like a way that anyone wants to feel. But, it’s how you can feel if you’re dehydrated, and your urine could be a clue as to whether or not you’re at that point. “Your urine should be clear or pale yellow. Dark yellow is a sign of dehydration,” Frank says. “Hunger, weakness, fatigue, loss of concentration — these are all signs of being dehydrated,” he explains.   

 

Now that everyone is up to date with their water facts, remember that school sports and working out  are about being healthy, having fun and staying safely hydrated. Frank and the Aqua team understand that water isn’t everyone’s favorite drink. “If it’s the taste of water that keeps you from being hydrated, you can always jazz up your water,” Frank says. Here’s an Aqua post with some ideas for doing just that: 5 Hacks That Make Drinking Water More Simple.

 

 

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Water You Drinking?

It may be cooling down, but it's still important to keep hydration up. For a slightly sweet and herbal boost, try our newest infusion: blueberry lavender. Known for relieving tension, enhancing blood circulation and treating respiratory problems, lavender is the perfect addition to your late summer refreshments. 

Ingredients

1/2 pint of blueberries

Lavender flowers (to taste)

64 ounces of water

Directions

Add fruit and edible flowers to a pitcher of water.

Cover and chill for at least 30 minutes.

Strain, then add ice. Enjoy!

 

 

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7 Glasses of Justice

 

 

Summer is on its hot and sticky way to us, and you know what that means: ice cream by the pool, suntans (or sunburns) at the beach, Avengers: Age of Ultron (because who isn’t, like, totally excited for that?) and, of course, lots and lots of water. Like, so much water. More than the recommended eight glasses a day. Plus there’s all the beach trips, pool visits, sprinkler-jumping, super-soakers, yada yada yada.

 

Speaking of superheroes, wouldn’t the summer be a lot cooler if you had your own water powers? Considering how much water we use during the hotter months, it’d definitely make things a lot easier. Imagine it. What if you could generate and manipulate the essence of life? Imagine having the ability to control 60 percent of the human body and 70 percent of the entire world! Wouldn’t that be, like, totally sick?

 

So, why does nobody get excited about Aquaman? People won’t shut up about Batman, but they forget about Namora. People love chatting about Wolverine and how angry and brooding he is, but Frozone gets no love. And who would you rather have as the CEO of a water charity: Spider-Man or Namor, the Sub-Mariner?

 

I think it’s about time to educate all of you. So, here are the eight best water superheroes, seven glasses of justice.

 

7. Frozone

 

Lucius Best, played by Samuel L. Jackson in The Incredibles, is Mr. Incredible’s best friend and occasional crime-fighting partner. Similar to Iceman, but also totally not, Frozone has the ability to freeze water, including moisture in the air, or even his own body.

 

6. Namora

 

Namora is a superhero from the Marvel Comics Universe, specifically Atlantis, and is the cousin of Namor the Sub-Mariner (we’ll get to him later). She was born of an Atlantean father and a human mother, possesses super-strength, can swim at super speeds, has the ability to breathe above and below water and has super cool wing-like appendages on her ankles, giving her the power of flight.

 

5. Storm

 

One of the more popular X-Men thanks in part to Halle Berry, Ororo Munroe —or Storm —is one of Marvel Universe’s sickest heroes. Storm has the ability to manipulate the weather to any extreme she wills. How does this relate to water? Get her near the ocean or a large body of water, and you’ll have yourselves typhoons, whirlpools and hurricanes, all of which are guaranteed (at the very least) to get you very, very wet.

 

4. Iceman

 

One of the founding members of the X-Men, Bobby Drake, or Iceman, is a mutant with cryokinesis, or the ability to freeze anything around him, including transforming his body into ice. Being one of the original X-Men, Iceman has had his share in many of their battles, becoming increasingly powerful as their story continues.

 

3. Namor, the Sub-Mariner

 

Namor is a superhero, sometimes antihero, who appears in the Marvel Universe. Namor is the child of a human sea captain and an Atlantean princess. Namor possesses super-strength, flight and all sorts of aquatic abilities. He has served with superhero teams such as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, and the Avengers.

 

2. Aquaman

 

Arthur Curry, better known as Aquaman, is arguably the most recognizable sea hero ever. Easily spotted by his orange torso and green leggings, Aquaman steals the scene with his enhanced strength, swimming talent, healing power, agility and the ability to telecommunicate with and manipulate all undersea life. With an army of sea creatures at his disposal, Aquaman is a tough one to beat.

 

1. Katara

 

While she’s not actually a comic book character, she’s a true hero. Katara is a main character in Nickelodeon’s animated series Avatar: The Last Airbender and is a waterbender. In the Avatar world, there are people who have the ability to bend the four main elements: water, earth, wind and fire. Katara is a waterbender, which means she has the ability to control water, ice, and, with strict concentration, even blood. She can create water whips and giant waves. If it’s wet, Katara can make it do anything she likes.

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